Food contaminants are something that can be found in everyday life. This problem may cause food poisoning and can also lead to other health problems. Therefore, consumers should eat food carefully. In order not to adversely affect their health
Types of contaminants in food
- Physical contamination Is contaminated by foreign substances that may be contaminated in food such as hair, nails, debris, glass, metal or dirt, etc. which may be contaminated during the harvesting process, production, distribution, transportation to preparation and Cook
- Biological contamination The contaminated by dangerous pathogens in food contamination, bacteria, viruses and parasites, such as Star Philomath Koch model. (Staphylococcus) Salmonella, Clostridium, Camia Lobber (Campylobacter) and various types of parasites
- Chemical contamination Is contaminated with harmful substances used to maintain freshness and make food more colorful and appetizing The chemical was found to contaminate Often such substances borax chemical formalin preservative bleach, mold and so on.
What are the contaminants in food?
Food contamination may occur in factories that produce and sell products. Freight car Shop, cafeteria or even inside your own home
The food may be contaminated with pathogens and chemicals for many reasons such as
Camping that has been cooked and eaten by themselves without washing the raw material with clean water first Or eating food that has been cooked, it can cause contamination in food, if used for direct food contact as eating, using a spoon to eat with others, it may be the cause. That can cause food contamination from bacteria or viruses as well
Placing food without leaving it completely closed
If the food is left unattended May cause pets, rodents, flies, cockroaches or other insects to bring germs to food.
Touching the body while cooking
If you do not wash your hands thoroughly Some behaviors can cause the fingers to contaminate bacteria and spread to food, such as licking fingers, sheep, acne, touching the blister, scratching the ears, rubbing or catching the nose, etc. Including coughing or sneezing while preparing food can also cause droplets with bacteria falling into the food too
Poor food storage
Normally, various fresh foods must be refrigerated or stored in high humidity areas. To prevent contamination such as chicken meat, duck meat, and other poultry, fish, shellfish, dairy products like cheese or cream Cow’s milk or goat milk that has not yet been pasteurized, eggs or egg products, etc. In addition, placing food in hot areas often causes bacteria to grow faster and make food more easily rotten.
It spreads bacteria from contaminated food to foods that are not contaminated. Which may occur during storage and cooking If consumers store raw materials that are easily contaminated like raw chicken meat and cooked food Or prepare food using The same knife or cutting board Bacteria from raw chicken meat may spread to cooked food.
How to prevent contaminants in food
Consumers may reduce the risk of encountering contaminants in food by following the instructions below.
- Choose to buy food, especially meat and seafood. Should choose to buy from a store or a place that is safe and reliable
- Keep raw foods like meat, poultry, fish, and shellfish away from ready-to-eat food. To prevent cross contamination
- Always wash your hands with clean water or soap before and after preparing raw materials, cooking and using the bathroom. Including cleaning utensils such as cutting boards and other equipment with hot water and dishwashing liquid In order to kill germs that may accumulate
- Dissolve food in the freezer Even though it is slow to dissolve, it is the safest method. And do not leave food at room temperature if using a microwave to dissolve food when dissolved well, they should be carried out to cook immediately
- Cook with proper heat Which may use a thermometer to measure food temperature, such as beef, should be cooked with heat until the temperature inside is 71 degrees Celsius. Lamb, pork and beef that looks like pieces or chopped into small pieces should be cooked with heat until the temperature Within 63 degrees Celsius, chicken, and turkey meat should be cooked with heat until the temperature inside is 74 degrees Celsius. Fish and shellfish should be cooked with heat until well Thoroughly etc.
- Placing food at room temperature for a long time may cause bacteria and toxins that cannot be destroyed by cooking. Therefore, if wondering whether food may be prepared, served and stored in an unsafe way Leave the food immediately
- Not tasting suspicious food Although the food is still appetizing but may be harmful to the body.
- Refrigerate or freeze food that may be easily rotten within 2 hours after purchasing or preparing food. And soaking perishable food in the refrigerator within 1 hour if the room temperature is higher than 32 degrees Celsius
- Always use a spoon when eating with others. And do not use personal items to eat with others, such as cutlery, glasses, straws, etc.
- If going out to eat out Should choose a clean and safe restaurant Including the cooks with good hygiene
- Avoid eating raw or lightly cooked foods like meat and chicken. Including chilled crushed meat and processed foods made from meat
- Avoid eating raw or unprocessed foods such as raw fish, oysters, mussels, scallops and scallops, eggs or foods that contain eggs as a cookie. Flour Homemade ice cream etc.
- Avoid eating young trees of raw plants such as sprouts, young plants, radishes. Sunflower seedlings, etc.
- Avoid drinking fruit juice, cider, milk or dairy products that are not yet pasteurized, especially soft cheese like Feta cheese. Bree and Caman Bair Cheese Blue Cheese and Cheese that has not yet been pasteurized
Symptoms signs after eating contaminants in food
Food contaminants not only cause toxic food conditions that can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea or just parasitic infections. But may result in long-term health problems such as cancer and neurological disorders too, so if abnormal symptoms are found after eating foods that are not clean Especially if frequent vomiting Vomiting blood or bloody stool, diarrhea for more than 3 days, severe abdominal pain The temperature inside the mouth is higher than 38 degrees Celsius, including signs of dehydration. Like severe thirst, dry mouth, little urine or not, urine is very weak, dizziness and dizziness like being unconscious Or have neurological symptoms that are blurred Weak muscle And have symptoms of hypersensitivity or pain similar to the needle in the arm Should seek medical attention To receive a diagnosis and receive urgent treatment